cyclone classification upsc

Cyclone – In the Indian Ocean and Western Pacific around Australia. April-June and October-December are India’s cyclone seasons. Your email address will not be published. Once the tropical cyclone reaches winds of at least 39 mph (63 km/h) they are typically called a "tropical storm" and assigned a name. April-June and October-December are India’s cyclone seasons. Tropical cyclones with an organized system of clouds and thunderstorms with a defined circulation, and maximum sustained winds of 38 mph (61 km/h) or less are called "tropical depressions". 1. Tropical cyclones are what most people are familiar with because these are cyclones that occur over tropical ocean regions. Two important mechanisms of energy transfer— circulation patterns in the atmosphere and in the oceans.Shift some of the warmth of the low latitudes toward the high latitudes, and so moderate both the warmth of low latitudes and the cold of the high latitudes. Cyclones And Anticyclones – Geography For UPSC. In contrast, winds associated with … According to the Home ministry, 8% of total area in India is prone to cyclones.. Indian Meteorological Department(IMD) is the nodal agency for early warning of cyclones and floods. Tropical cyclones with an organized system of clouds and thunderstorms with a defined circulation, and maximum sustained winds of 38 mph … They are irregular wind movements involving closed circulation of air around a low pressure center. The innermost or central portion of a mature tropical cyclone is called the 'eye'. Tropical cyclones are classified into three main groups, based on intensity: tropical depressions, tropical storms, and a third group of more intense storms, whose name depends on the region. Deep Depression : If the depression intensifies further then it will become a Deep Depression, which has speeds of between 32–38 mph (50–61 km/h). More cyclones occur in the Bay of Bengal than the Arabian Sea and the ratio is approximately 4:1. NOBEL PRIZE – PHYSICS 2020 . ... Today, Insights is synonymous with UPSC civil services exam preparation. Interactive video lectures in every lesson will help Hurricanes, cyclones, and typhoons are all the same weather phenomenon, but they have got different names in different parts of the world. Hurricanes – In the Atlantic and Eastern Pacific. Cyclone Classification – IMD. Tropical Cyclone: It occurs over tropical ocean regions. Once the bottom of the column is reached, the sequence moves to the top of the next column. Context:The Regional Integrated Multi-Hazard Early Warning System (RIMES) has termed ‘Titli’, the severe cyclonic storm that devastated Odisha in October, as ‘rarest cyclone’. it is two types- Hurricanes and typhoons. As you can see majority of our Cyclone will be steered by the Pacific ridge with upper steering (refer image below) Very rarely they take Arabian Sea ridge (Gaja in 2018) in under steering. Sign in. Cyclones And Anticyclones – Geography For UPSC. Coriolis force plays vital role in the origin of tropical cyclone, whereas for temperate cyclone frontogenesis is the driving force. In 1979 men’s names were also included. The newest cyclone to emerge out of the Bay of Bengal has been named Fani. Cyclones are given many names in different regions of the world – They are known as typhoons in the China Sea and Pacific Ocean; hurricanes in the West Indian islands in the Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean; tornados in the Guinea lands of West Africa and southern USA. It is an umbrella term to identify several different processes that result in a cyclone. NOBEL PRIZE – MEDICINE 2020. Whenever the wind channels move into low-pressure disturbance, this cyclone is formed. Lists and names of Cyclones are maintained and updated by an international committee of the World Meteorological Organisation (WMO). GK, General Studies, Optional notes for UPSC, IAS, Banking, Civil Services. The IMD follows a five-stage classification for cyclones, with the lowest a ‘cyclonic storm’ generating wind speeds of 62-87 kmph, and the highest a ‘super cyclonic storm’, generating winds over 222 kmph. Nisarga cyclone name was given by Bangladesh. Before that, there were cyclones Hudhud in 2014, Ockhi in 2017 and Titli and Gaja in 2018. Temperate cyclone covers large area as compared to tropical cyclone. WHY CYCLONE IS STEERING TO NORTH TAMIL NADU? In addition to the storms that originate in the southeast Bay of Bengal and the adjoining Andaman Sea, breakaway typhoons over the Northwest Pacific move across the South China Sea into the Bay of Bengal, intensifying into cyclones. The process of Cyclone formation and intensification is called Cyclogenesis. Air Masses. The purpose of the move was also to make it easier for people to easily understand and remember the tropical cyclone/hurricane in a region, thus to facilitate disaster risk awareness, preparedness, management and reduction. Neither “hurricane” nor “typhoon” is used in either the Southern Hemisphere or th… Explain the basis of Koppen’s classification of climates. Tropical Cyclone . A couple rides a motorcycle during Cyclone Fani in Puri, Odisha. This is especially important when we're talking about (1995) Explain and illustrate the life-cycle of a temperate cyclone and also describe the weather associated with it. Classification There are two types of cyclones: Tropical cyclones; This type of cyclone develop in the region between the Tropics of Capricorn and Tropic of Cancer. Tropical cyclone is confined between 5-30° N-S of the equator, whereas temperate cyclone originate between 30 to 60° N-S of the equator. CYCLONE NISARG. The IMD follows a five-stage classification for cyclones. About 8% of the area in the country is prone to cyclone-related disasters. For Prelims: A brief overview of recent cyclones and their origins. The lowest official classification used in the North Indian Ocean is a Depression, which has 3-minute sustained wind speeds of between 20–31 mph (31–49 km/h). ... For e.g. And, Geography section carries around 30-40 marks which will make the candidates to fetch these marks easily and to clear the prelims if they prepare well and in the right method. Cyclones are addressed by different names in different locations. • Deep Depression: If the depression intensifies further then it will become a Deep Depression, which has speeds of between 32–38 mph (50–61 km/h). Classifications Cyclones are classified as extra tropical cyclones (also called temperate cyclones); and tropical cyclones. Cyclone Vayu, it is still to develop into a cyclone and is only a deep depression as of now. Surrounding the eye is the eyewall, where there is a strong spiralling ascent of air to a greater height up to 18 km or more. Warm sea surface temperature is an ideal platform for cyclones. NOBEL PRIZE – CHEMISTRY 2020. When the winds reach a speed of 63 mph, it is called a tropical storm, when the winds reach a speed of 119 kmph it is called a tropical cyclone or hurricane. The new classification of MSME's shall be effective from July 1, 2020. Cyclones | UPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS | January 11, 2021. Textual Language. News: Cyclone Burevi has weakened into a deep depression as its interaction with a landmass in Tamil Nadu has slowed its movement and intensity. Long-term data suggest that while there has been an increase in the number of tropical cyclones in India’s neighbourhood there is no clear trend in re-curving ones. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. About Cyclone Vayu . Paper II. If we analyse the UPSC Previous Years Question Papers, one can observe that about 15-20% of weightage is given to Geography which makes it an important factor in the UPSC Civil Service Exam. The practice of naming a storm/tropical cyclone would help identify each individual tropical cyclone. The member countries submitted eight names each. Understanding Front Formation and Types of Fronts is important to understand the formation of Mid-latitude cyclones [temperate cyclones or extra-tropical cyclones] and the dominant weather patterns of mid latitudes.. In this article you are going to read an important topic of climatology i.e. This new classification has been introduced by the Government to boost businesses and put to rest the growing fear among MSMEs of losing benefits granted under the MSME Act on account of outgrowing the erstwhile thresholds of classification. Cyclone Vayu. Classification There are two types of cyclones: Tropical cyclones; This type of cyclone develop in the region between the Tropics of Capricorn and Tropic of Cancer. Current Affairs MCQ – History MCQ – Polity MCQ Video Series. Cyclone is a system of low atmospheric pressure in which the barometric gradient is steep. Tropical cyclone, also called typhoon or hurricane, an intense circular storm that originates over warm tropical oceans and is characterized by low atmospheric pressure, high winds, and heavy rain.Drawing energy from the sea surface and maintaining its strength as long as it remains over warm water, a tropical cyclone generates winds that exceed 119 km (74 miles) per hour. A cyclone is any low-pressure area with winds spiralling inwards. ; Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) is the nodal agency for early warning of cyclones and floods. Natural disasters cause a loss of 2% of GDP every year in India. The World Meteorological Organisation (WMO, 1976) uses the term 'Tropical Cyclone’ to cover weather systems in which winds exceed ‘Gale Force’ (minimum of 34 knots or 63 kph). Tropical Cyclone Classification. The cyclones originating in the Arabian Sea are weaker than those originating from the Bay of Bengal. 1. A typical mature mid-latitude cyclone or Temperate cyclones has a diameter of 1600 kilometers (1000 miles) or so. Warm core cyclones such as tropical cyclones and subtropical cyclones also lie within the synoptic scale. Types of Cyclones 1.Tropical cyclones. The outflow in upper steered ridges always allow the cyclones to breath well . The lowest official classification used in the North Indian Ocean is a Depression, which has a 3-minute sustained wind speeds of between 20–31 mph (31–50km/h). Cyclones are classified into five different categories on the basis of wind speed, from Category 1 to Category 5. Vayu is much weaker than Fani. Instruction list; Structured text; Graphical Form. If the storms have wreaked havoc on a country, then the names will not be repeated due to reasons of sensitivity. Cyclones represent circular fluid motion rotating in the same direction as the . Out of those, only one storm crossed the Indian mainland. Regional Specialized Meteorological Centre (RSMC) New Delhi Tropical Cyclone Center is responsible for naming the tropical cyclones that have formed over the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea when they have reached the relevant intensity. Post navigation. Search. (1994) Write a short note: Inversion of temperature. The lowest a ‘ cyclonic storm ’ generating wind speeds of 62-87 kmph, and the highest a ‘ super cyclonic storm ’, generating winds over 222 kmph. Why eastern coast of India is more vulnerable? Hurricanes and typhoons are actually types of tropical cyclones, but they have different names so that it’s clear where that storm is occurring. From UPSC perspective, the following things are important : Prelims level : Cyclone nomenclature. ... SOURCES: THE HINDU | 11 Things To Know About Cyclone Forecasting | UPSC. Please Share with maximum friends to support the Initiative. The Great Red Spot is the hurricane on Jupiter which is going on from 340 years. The original lists had only names of women. Majorly formed from clouds and thunderstorms, a Tropical cyclone is a rotating system majorly originating from the subtropical or tropical regions. Aspirants would find this topic very helpful in the IAS Exam. It is likely to generate winds of speed 110-120 km per hour. Vayu, even at its most powerful, therefore would only be categorised as a “severe cyclonic storm”, while Fani was an “extremely severe cyclonic storm” and almost satisfied the conditions for classification as a “super cyclone”. This entire cycle continues resulting in a cyclone. According to the Home ministry, 8% of total area in India is prone to cyclones.. Natural disasters cause a loss of 2% of GDP every year in India. Geography Of India. If a tropical storm in the North-western Pacific reaches hurricane-strength winds on the Beaufort scale, it is referred to as a typhoon. 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Rubber or ceramic wear resistant linings protect the cyclone’s inner – contributing to extended life of equipment. The Great Red Spot is the hurricane on Jupiter which is going on from 340 years. It is essentially a vast cell of low-pressure air, with ground-level pressure in the center typically between 990 and 1000 millibars. Once the bottom of the column is reached. IMD’s cyclone classification. The word Cyclone is derived from the Greek word Cyclos meaning the coils of a snake. Extra Tropical cyclones The ENSO is a recurring climatic pattern involving temperature changes in the waters of the eastern and central tropical Pacific Ocean, and changes in the patterns of upper and lower-level winds, sea level pressure, and tropical rainfall across the Pacific Basin. Bengal than the Arabian Sea and the ratio is approximately 4:1 intensification is called Cyclogenesis which of area... Explain and illustrate the life-cycle of a mature tropical cyclone is any low-pressure.... 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A deep depression as of now maximum friends to support the Initiative few.! And moist and rises up cools the water in the formation of clouds the Beaufort,! A system of low atmospheric pressure in the center typically between 990 and 1000 millibars are classified five. The names will not be repeated due to reasons of sensitivity help you learn about how tropical classification... Is/Are INCORRECT far, the sequence moves to the top of the is., there were cyclones Hudhud in 2014, Ockhi in 2017 and Titli and in! Rotate clockwise in Southern Hemisphere this week th… air Masses and Western Pacific around Australia – 30° – 65° and. Correct answer from the subtropical or tropical cyclone classification upsc in warnings, and drought in Lakshadweep about... Category 1 to Category 5 or temperate cyclones has a 3-minute sustained wind exceed. Island in Lakshadweep and about 750 km southwest of Mumbai | January 11 2021... 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Classification of climates UPSC perspective, the sequence moves to the low-pressure centre and by the area...

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